There is no doubt that the Internet is a core part of life in 2020. Students and adults around the globe are using the Internet more and more everyday to research, shop, and connect with friends & family on social media websites.
The Internet, a global system of interconnected computer networks, dates back to the 1960s but didn’t take off until the late 1990s, when it began to grow by 100% per year. At the surface, today’s modern Internet looks similar to the Internet of 20 years ago. It’s drastically different at its core, though. Leaps and bounds of innovation has occurred to get us where we are today.
Global Internet Facts for 2020
- There are 4.1 billion Internet users as of January 2020. This represents 53.6% of the global population. Ten years ago, in 2010, less than 2 billion people were online.
- Internet growth is predicted to slow in 2020 as North American and European markets reach saturation levels. Continued growth will come from undeveloped markets in Asia and Africa.
- Women are underrepresented online, with only 48% of women connected to the Internet, compared to 58% of men.
- China is the most connected country. 765 million Chinese people, or 55%, use the Internet.
- 97% of people are within reach of a mobile data network (cell phone signal). 82% of people live within reach of a high-speed LTE or higher signal.
- Online sales were higher than traditional retail sales for the first time in early 2019
- Retail e-commerce sales are projected to grow to $740 billion by 2023.
- Amazon is the leading e-commerce retailer in the United States, controlling 47% of the market. eBay is second with 6.1% market share, Walmart is third with 4.6%, Apple is fourth with 3.8%, with The Home Depot coming in at 1.7%.
Web Hosting Facts for 2020
- Every website requires a domain name and web hosting. A domain name is also called the URL (such as google.com). Web hosting is a single or cluster of servers connected to the Internet storing web page files. Computers are able to connect to these servers with a network connection and download the page contents.
- Amazon Web Services (AWS) is now the world’s largest hosting company. AWS has 47.8% market share.
- Endurance International Group (EIG) is the largest web hosting company for small businesses in the United States. Bluehost, their flagship brand, has over 2 million customers and is one of the most popular web hosting companies for beginners and small businesses.
- There are 359.8 million active domain name registrations as of Q3 2019. The most popular domain name TLDs are .com and .net.
- WordPress powers over 35.4% of the top 10 million sites on the web. WordPress is a Content Management System (CMS) that allows webmasters to quickly manage pages and posts (content) on a website. Notable websites like TechCrunch, the Government of Sweden, and The Rolling Stones all use WordPress.
- 100,000 websites are hacked every day. 90% of hacked websites run an outdated version of WordPress.
History of the Internet
The start of the Internet started in the early 1960s when Paul Baran began researching packet switching, one of the core technologies behind the Internet. Packet switching enables the contraction of digital networks that are flexible, reliable, and affordable. This is unlike circuit-switched networks of the past, which powered analog telephone networks.
Development of the Internet continued in to the late 1960s and 1970s with the creation of ARPANET, which was the first packet-switching network to implement the TCP/IP protocol. This protocol specifics how data should be transmitted, routed, and received.
While ARPANET was primarily for government and university use, commercial Internet service providers began to pop up in the late 1980s which started bringing the Internet to the North American public. It expanded to Australia and Europe shortly after, with Internet connectivity arriving in Asia in the early 1990s.
All of the tools necessary for the modern web were available by 1995. Since then, the Internet has impacted individuals and businesses like no other tool has before with near-instant communication, which continues to evolve today.
Sources & Additional Information
- The size and growth rate of the Internet
- Measuring digital development: Facts and figures 2019
- Our World in Data – Internet
- Online shopping overtakes a major part of retail for the first time ever
- E-commerce in the United States – Statistics & Facts
- Market share of leading retail e-commerce companies in the United States
- Amazon Owns Nearly Half Of The Public-Cloud Infrastructure Market Worth Over $32 Billion
- WordPress – One-third of the web!
- Sucuri Annual Hacked Website Report
- The Verisign Domain Name Industry Brief